NEW DELHI: The number of people discharged and acquitted in cases relating to ‘offences against the state’ grew from 1,887 in 2016 to 3,237 in ’17, 3,490 in ’18 and 3,538 in ’19, data compiled by National Crime Records Bureau shows, reports Bharti Jain.
Convictions for such offences — they include cases under Sections 121-123 and 124A of IPC, Section 153B (imputation and assertion prejudicial to national integration), Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act and Official Secrets Act — decreased from 2,269 in 2018 to 1,739 in 2019.
UP topped list on arrests for offences against state in 2016-19: NCRB data
More people were acquitted or discharged in cases relating to ‘offences against the state’, particularly under UAPA and sedition law, between 2016 and 2019. In addition, a large number of cases are in trial.
A senior IPS officer said this was on the pattern of overall crimes in the country, with acquittals outnumbering convictions.
A total 55,870 people were arrested under various categories of offences against the state over four years from 2016 to 2019, while 48,422 were chargesheeted. In the same period, only 6,511 people arrested for offences against the state were convicted, 11,828 were acquitted and 324 discharged by the courts.
The number of convictions or acquittals in a given year may relate to cases pending trial from earlier years. Alternatively, cases in which chargesheet was filed in a particular year may be at different stages of trial in subsequent years.
Incidentally, the number of people arrested for offences against the state declined to 12,140 in 2019 from 13,160 in 2018, though it was much higher at 16,210 in 2017. However, the number of people discharged and acquitted has grown steadily from 1,887 in 2016 to 3,237 in 2017, 3,490 in 2018 and 3,538 in 2019. The number of people convicted for offences against the state fell to 1,739 in 2019 from 2,269 in 2018, though it was lower at 1,734 in 2017 and 769 in 2016.
The state with the highest arrests for offences against the state between 2016 and 2019 was UP, though its rate of such offences was only 0.9 (as per population). Interestingly, states that showed a high rate were Manipur (10.1), Delhi (8.8), Arunachal (2.2), J&K
(2.1), Haryana (2), and Tamil Nadu (1.7).